This book presents recent advances in the development of biomaterials for industrial applications, and discusses the potential for substituting environmentally hazardous substances with environmentally friendly and degradable components. Focusing on both the material development and production technologies, it reviews different materials, as well as new production technologies and application areas. It also highlights the importance of incorporating organic materials into different composites to enable consumption of otherwise waste materials. Further it addresses biopolymers for the food industry, e.g. edible films and coatings in food production and biodegradable materials; the automotive industry; bio fuels, such as biodiesel based on organic constituents; and green composites in marine applications. Environmental protection aspects related to the protection of cultural heritage, and new nanoparticles, such as nano zerovalent iron, are also reviewed.Aimed at young researchers, professionals, chemical engineers and marine engineers, the book is the result of the joint efforts of different academic and research institutions participating in the WIMB Tempus project, 543898-TEMPUS-1-2013-1-ES-TEMPUS-JPHES, “Development of Sustainable Interrelations between Education, Research and Innovation at WBC Universities in Nanotechnologies and Advanced Materials where Innovation Means Business”, co-funded by the European Union Tempus Program.